How refrigerant regulations have changed for the EU and USA: CAREL’s new white paper

CAREL has published a new white paper that provides a detailed analysis of the new refrigerant regulations introduced by various countries, with a particular focus on the regulations in the European Union and the United States.


The growing concern for environmental issues is driving governments to create new regulations for emission control. These new regulations impose constraints on the use of fluorinated refrigerants, and limitations on PFAS could further reduce the available options, significantly affecting applications in refrigeration, air conditioning, and heat pumps.

CAREL’s new white paper offers an in-depth analysis of these new regulations, providing an overview of the main changes introduced and their implications for the refrigeration, air conditioning, and heat pump sectors. For instance, the revision of the European F-gas regulation, which came into force on 11 March, mandates the progressive reduction of HFC refrigerants until their complete elimination by 2050, including requirements for HFOs. In the USA, the ‘American Innovation & Manufacturing Act’ (AIM Act) grants the EPA the authority to regulate HFCs through a gradual reduction in production and consumption and a transition to next-generation technologies.

With this white paper, CAREL aims to provide the necessary information to understand and adapt to these new regulations, helping industry players navigate an ever-evolving regulatory landscape.